Additionally increased were the deductions for the masse de linge et chaussure, the regimental investment to pay money for a soldier’s uniform as well as their footwear. NCOs contributed 16 deniers each day for this masse, corporals and enlisted males half as much.

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Additionally increased were the deductions for the masse de linge et chaussure, the regimental investment to pay money for a soldier’s uniform as well as their footwear. NCOs contributed 16 deniers each day for this masse, corporals and enlisted males half as much.

That designed extra stoppages of 2 livres for a sergeant and 1 livre for every hussar, fusilier, grenadier, or chasseur, making a fusilier or chasseur with 7 livres 18 sols 6 deniers per month, a grenadier or hussar with 10 livres 3 sols 6 deniers each month, or 122 livres, 2 sols each year. A soldier stationed in France received around 60 livres in cash wages per year, one fourth the wages of a domestic servant and half the annual monetary value of a slave’s labor to his owner which was set by the Parlement of Paris throughout the 1760s and 1770s at 120 livres, again not counting expenses for food and clothing since wages had been doubled for the American Campaign. To place this figure into viewpoint it may possibly be worth mentioning that Axel von Fersen estimated him 20 livres a month to keep his dog that it cost!

That which was a lot more crucial ended up being that these people were compensated frequently every fourteen days without fail in specie, increasingly more with Spanish dollars because the war progressed, but through the autumn and wintertime of 1780/1, they received their wages in French coin. The French money system and coinage emerge an ordonnance of 23 May 1774 maintained its foundation into the Carolingian financial system before the springtime of 1795. The essential valuable coin that is french ended up being the golden double louis d’or worth 48 livres followed closely by the louis d’or at 24 livres as well as the half-Louis or demi-louis d’or at 12 livres. The biggest silver coin had been the écu at 6 livres or 120 sols, followed closely by ½, ¼ and ⅛ écu worth 60, 30 and 15 sols correspondingly. Small copper coins minted were well well well worth 1 and 2 sols in addition to coins worth 6 and 3 deniers.

There have been three forms of copper coin: the liard at 3 deniers, the 1/2 sol at 6 deniers, plus the one sol coin worth 12 deniers. There have been five different types of silver coins: the écu of six livres, the 1/2 écu worth three livres, the 1/5 écu at 24 sols, the 1/10 écu at 12 sols, and also the 1/20 écu at 6 sols. The louis d’or at 24 livres, and the double louis d’or at 48 livres if a common hussar was used to handling an écu even if six livres were more than two weeks of wages, one of the three gold coins was less likely to pass through his hands: the 1/2 louis d’or at 12 livres. The double louis d’or at 48 livres ended up being 18 months wages for a grenadier, and much more than half a year wages for the fusilier that is common.

The importance of the French bullion invested to keep Rochambeau’s military for the American war-time economy can not be overemphasized. Historian Timothy R. Walton estimates that “on the eve for the United states Revolution, about 50 % the coins utilized in the North that is british American, some 4 million items of Eight 21 million livres, had been bits of eight from brand New Spain and Peru,” while historian Lee Kennett estimated French forces might have invested significantly more than the 20 million in their stay static in the usa. If loans arranged by personal loan providers, calculated at between 15 and 20 million livres, are added, the expédition particulière might have doubled the amount of specie circulating between Yorktown and Boston.

Title web web page regarding the Ordonnance establishing the pay money for Rochambeau’s forces. Courtesy Anne S.K. Brown Military Collection, Brown University, Providence, RI

For more information on coins and currencies see here: 18th Century Currencies

All coins of a country have identical obverse and reverse edges. ВЅ crown, 3 livres and 4 reales are practically identical in silver value and weight, interchangeable and circulated easily in the usa: it absolutely was unimportant which nation issued them.

French Encampment in East Hartford,

To their return march from Virginia in 1782, French forces took several days of sleep in East Hartford. All devices camped along Silver Lane for a passing fancy web web web site where in fact the Soissonnois had camped the past summer time. It absolutely was only at East Hartford that Rochambeau announced towards the troops while he himself would return to France that they were to march to Boston and embark for the West Indies. To speed up the march “the artillery obtained permission to march, to any extent further, one in advance of the 1 st Brigade, for convenience, and set out early on its way” on October 30 day. The artillery had been halfway through its march each time a courier from Admiral de Vaudreuil informed Rochambeau that the vessels wouldn’t be prepared for embarkation by 15, and the artillery returned to East Hartford november. Lieutenant Verger, that has perhaps perhaps maybe not made the march in June 1781, met Connecticutians for the time that is first but thought that “The inhabitants of Connecticut will be the most useful individuals in the usa, with no question. They will have a lively fascination and examined our troops and all sorts of evident astonishment to our actions. If they visited our camp (in East Hartford), girls arrived without their moms and joined our tents using the confidence that is greatest.”

Right now the elements ended up being switching cool, and numerous soldiers had hoped which they would enter cold weather quarters in Hartford. But after “four times in Hartford,” the artillery left for Bolton on November 3, 1782.

Rochambeau, Jean-Baptiste-Donatien De Vimeur, Comte De. AmГ©rique Campagne. 1782. Map. Retrieved from the Library of Congress.

The camp was eastern of East Hartford as well as the Hockanum River, on either relative side for the road to Bolton Center.

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